Welcome!

Apache Authors: Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Janakiram MSV, Gil Allouche

Related Topics: IoT User Interface, Java IoT, PowerBuilder, Microsoft Cloud, Agile Computing, Apache

IoT User Interface: Blog Feed Post

Building a Simple Peer-to-Peer WebSocket App – Part 2

A Step-by-Step Tutorial

<html>
    <head>
        <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
        <title>Kaazing WebSocket Tutorial - JMS</title>
        <script src="http://demo.kaazing.com/lib/client/javascript/StompJms.js" type="text/javascript" language="javascript"></script>
    </head>
    <body onload="doConnect()">
        <div id="logMsgs"></div>
    </body>
</html>

 

Line 05: References the Kaazing WebSocket client libraries that ensure that communication between any Web browser and the WebSocket server is seamless, even if the browser doesn’t natively support the WebSocket API and protocol.
Line 07: Invokes the doConnect() function after the contents of the page is loaded.
Line 08: Defines a div tag that will contain the log messages. At the moment, we just have a completely empty HTML page, so there’s nothing exciting to see yet.

Let’s move on to the JavaScript code. While walking through the JavaScript code, we’ll see the power of messaging. One of the key differentiators that sets the Kaazing WebSocket Gateway apart from other WebSocket servers is its extensive support for rich business protocols and messaging APIs on top of the WebSocket standard, including XMPP, JMS, and AMQP. This tutorial focuses on the most widely used messaging API: Java Message Service (JMS).

JMS is a messaging standard that allows the loose coupling of applications by creating, sending, receiving, and reading messages. The Kaazing JMS offering extends the reach of enterprise messaging applications to the Web by providing JMS APIs in various client technologies, including Java, JavaScript, Microsoft .NET/Silverlight, as well as Flash/Flex. In this tutorial, we focus on the JavaScript JMS APIs and how you can use JMS in modern HTML5 applications.

The following code shows a simple example of a JavaScript application that uses Kaazing’s JMS APIs. Take a look at the code, then the explanations below the code snippet.

 

// Variables you can change
//
var MY_WEBSOCKET_URL = "ws://tutorial.kaazing.com/jms";
var TOPIC_NAME = "/topic/myTopic";
var IN_DEBUG_MODE = true;
var DEBUG_TO_SCREEN = true;

// WebSocket and JMS variables
//
var connection;
var session;
var wsUrl;

// JSFiddle-specific variables
//
var runningOnJSFiddle = (window.location.hostname === "fiddle.jshell.net");
var WEBSOCKET_URL = (runningOnJSFiddle ? MY_WEBSOCKET_URL : "ws://" + window.location.hostname + ":" + window.location.port + "/jms");

// Variable for log messages
//
var screenMsg = "";

// Used for development and debugging. All logging can be turned
// off by modifying this function.
//
var consoleLog = function(text) {
    if (IN_DEBUG_MODE) {
        if (runningOnJSFiddle || DEBUG_TO_SCREEN) {
            // Logging to the screen
            screenMsg = screenMsg + text + "
";
            $("#logMsgs").html(screenMsg);
        } else {
            // Logging to the browser console
            console.log(text);
        }
    }
};

var handleException = function (e) {
    consoleLog("EXCEPTION: " + e);
};

// Connecting...
//
var doConnect = function() {
    // Connect to JMS, create a session and start it.
    //
    var stompConnectionFactory = new StompConnectionFactory(WEBSOCKET_URL);
    try {
        var connectionFuture = stompConnectionFactory.createConnection(function() {
            if (!connectionFuture.exception) {
                try {
                    connection = connectionFuture.getValue();
                    connection.setExceptionListener(handleException);

                    consoleLog("Connected to " + WEBSOCKET_URL);
                    session = connection.createSession(false, Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
                    connection.start(function() {
                        // Put any callback logic here.
                        //
                        consoleLog("JMS session created");
                    });
                } catch (e) {
                    handleException(e);
                }
            } else {
                handleException(connectionFuture.exception);
            }
        });
    } catch (e) {
        handleException(e);
    }
};
​

 

At the top of this code snippet, you can see variables that you can change.

Line 03: MY_WEBSOCKET_URL points to the WebSocket server, which in our case runs on tutorial.kaazing.com. JMS, being a messaging API, follows the publish/subscribe pattern.

Line 04: A topic in JMS is a distribution mechanism for publishing messages that are delivered to multiple subscribers. Our topic is called /topic/myTopic. You can, and probably should change the name of the topic to your liking to ensure nobody else is interfering with your experimentation. For example:

 

var TOPIC_NAME = "/topic/PeterTopic";

 

Lines 05-06: The IN_DEBUG_MODE and DEBUG_TO_SCREEN variables give you simple ways to control debugging. By default, debugging is enabled and is directed to the screen.

Lines 16-17: If the app is running outside of the context of JSFiddle, the WebSocket URL is constructed dynamically, pointing back to the same server where the HTML page was downloaded from.

Line 21: The screenMsg variable holds the log messages.
Note: When this variable grows big, the performance of the application may degrade significantly. If you’re seeing increased latency, disabling logging of the application often helps.

Line 26: The consoleLog() function is used for logging. It honors the preferences set through the logging variables, specified in lines 05-06.

Line 45: The doConnect() function is in charge of establishing the WebSocket connection.

Line 48: Next, we create a StompConnectionFactory, allowing us to create a connection with a JMS provider via a WebSocket connection.

Line 50: Then, we create a connection, where ConnectionFuture handles the returned result.

Line 57: Finally, we create a session. Optionally, you can use sessions to handle transactions. This tutorial doesn’t use transactions.

When you run this code, the Result pane in the bottom right displays the following log messages:

 

Connected to ws://tutorial.kaazing.com/jms
JMS session created

 

In Part 3 (coming soon), we will evolve our application.


Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Kaazing Blog

Kaazing is helping define the future of the event-driven enterprise by accelerating the Web for the Internet of Things.

@ThingsExpo Stories
SYS-CON Events announced today that 910Telecom will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Housed in the classic Denver Gas & Electric Building, 910 15th St., 910Telecom is a carrier-neutral telecom hotel located in the heart of Denver. Adjacent to CenturyLink, AT&T, and Denver Main, 910Telecom offers connectivity to all major carriers, Internet service providers, Internet backbones and ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Pulzze Systems will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Pulzze Systems, Inc. provides infrastructure products for the Internet of Things to enable any connected device and system to carry out matched operations without programming. For more information, visit http://www.pulzzesystems.com.
There is growing need for data-driven applications and the need for digital platforms to build these apps. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Muddu Sudhakar, VP and GM of Security & IoT at Splunk, will cover different PaaS solutions and Big Data platforms that are available to build applications. In addition, AI and machine learning are creating new requirements that developers need in the building of next-gen apps. The next-generation digital platforms have some of the past platform needs a...
Data is an unusual currency; it is not restricted by the same transactional limitations as money or people. In fact, the more that you leverage your data across multiple business use cases, the more valuable it becomes to the organization. And the same can be said about the organization’s analytics. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Bill Schmarzo, CTO for the Big Data Practice at EMC, will introduce a methodology for capturing, enriching and sharing data (and analytics) across the organizati...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - comp...
SYS-CON Events announced today Telecom Reseller has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Telecom Reseller reports on Unified Communications, UCaaS, BPaaS for enterprise and SMBs. They report extensively on both customer premises based solutions such as IP-PBX as well as cloud based and hosted platforms.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Adobe has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Adobe is changing the world though digital experiences. Adobe helps customers develop and deliver high-impact experiences that differentiate brands, build loyalty, and drive revenue across every screen, including smartphones, computers, tablets and TVs. Adobe content solutions are used daily by millions of co...
Why do your mobile transformations need to happen today? Mobile is the strategy that enterprise transformation centers on to drive customer engagement. In his general session at @ThingsExpo, Roger Woods, Director, Mobile Product & Strategy – Adobe Marketing Cloud, covered key IoT and mobile trends that are forcing mobile transformation, key components of a solid mobile strategy and explored how brands are effectively driving mobile change throughout the enterprise.
Pulzze Systems was happy to participate in such a premier event and thankful to be receiving the winning investment and global network support from G-Startup Worldwide. It is an exciting time for Pulzze to showcase the effectiveness of innovative technologies and enable them to make the world smarter and better. The reputable contest is held to identify promising startups around the globe that are assured to change the world through their innovative products and disruptive technologies. There w...
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, will discuss the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
19th Cloud Expo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterpri...
Almost two-thirds of companies either have or soon will have IoT as the backbone of their business in 2016. However, IoT is far more complex than most firms expected. How can you not get trapped in the pitfalls? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan, a renowned visionary and thought leader, will introduce a holistic method of IoTification, which is the process of IoTifying the existing technology and business models to adopt and leverage IoT. He will drill down to the components in this fra...
With so much going on in this space you could be forgiven for thinking you were always working with yesterday’s technologies. So much change, so quickly. What do you do if you have to build a solution from the ground up that is expected to live in the field for at least 5-10 years? This is the challenge we faced when we looked to refresh our existing 10-year-old custom hardware stack to measure the fullness of trash cans and compactors.
The emerging Internet of Everything creates tremendous new opportunities for customer engagement and business model innovation. However, enterprises must overcome a number of critical challenges to bring these new solutions to market. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Martin, CTO/CIO at nfrastructure, outlined these key challenges and recommended approaches for overcoming them to achieve speed and agility in the design, development and implementation of Internet of Everything solutions wi...
Cloud computing is being adopted in one form or another by 94% of enterprises today. Tens of billions of new devices are being connected to The Internet of Things. And Big Data is driving this bus. An exponential increase is expected in the amount of information being processed, managed, analyzed, and acted upon by enterprise IT. This amazing is not part of some distant future - it is happening today. One report shows a 650% increase in enterprise data by 2020. Other estimates are even higher....
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no id...
Smart Cities are here to stay, but for their promise to be delivered, the data they produce must not be put in new siloes. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mathias Herberts, Co-founder and CTO of Cityzen Data, will deep dive into best practices that will ensure a successful smart city journey.
DevOps at Cloud Expo, taking place Nov 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long dev...
Identity is in everything and customers are looking to their providers to ensure the security of their identities, transactions and data. With the increased reliance on cloud-based services, service providers must build security and trust into their offerings, adding value to customers and improving the user experience. Making identity, security and privacy easy for customers provides a unique advantage over the competition.
The 19th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Digital Transformation, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportuni...