Welcome!

Apache Authors: Michael Meiner, MC Brown, Amy Lindberg, ChandraShekar Dattatreya, Carmen Gonzalez

Related Topics: SOA & WOA, Java, Virtualization, Web 2.0, Cloud Expo, Apache

SOA & WOA: Article

Big Data Analytics: Thinking Outside of Hadoop

UIMA and Hadoop in Big Data Analytics

Big Data Predictions
In the recent release of '2012 Hype Cycle Of Emerging Technologies,' research analyst Gartner evaluated several technologies to come up with a list of technologies that will dominate the future . "Big Data" related technologies form a significant portion of the list, in particular the following technologies revolve around the concept and usage of Big Data.

  • Social Analytics: This analytics allow marketers to identify sentiment and identify trends in order to accommodate the customer better.
  • Activity Streams: Activity Streams are the future of enterprise collaboration, uniting people, data, and applications in real-time in a central, accessible, virtual interface. Think of a company social network where every employee, system, and business process exchanged up-to-the-minute information about their activities and outcomes
  • Natural Language Question Answering: NLP is a technique for analysing naturally occurring texts as part of linguistic processing to achieve human like language processing.
  • Video Analytics: forming a conceptual and contextual understanding of the content of the video .
  • Context Enriched Services: Context-enriched services use information about a person or an object to proactively anticipate the user's need and serve up the content.

These areas are just representative but in general many of the emerging technologies revolve around the ability to process large amounts of data from hither to unconventional sources and extract meaning out of them.

Doing a general search on Big Data on Google, or any other technical forum, we find that Big Data is almost synonymous with Hadoop, the main reason being that  the storage and computational operations in Hadoop are parallel by design. Hadoop is highly scalable. Data can be accessed and operated upon without interdependencies until the results need to be reduced - and even the reduction itself can be performed in parallel. The result is that large amounts of data can be processed concurrently by many servers, greatly reducing the time to obtain results.

MapReduce is the basic component of Hadoop. It is a parallel programming framework that processes unordered data. All data are composed of a key and an associated value and processing occurs mainly in two phases, the Map phase and the Reduce phase.

However, careful analysis of the above technologies like Social Analyics, Video Analytics, and NLP, reveal that all of them definitely needed the massively parallel processing power of Hadoop, but they also need the level of intelligence that extracts meaningful information such that the Hadoop's Map & Reduce functions are effective to provide the required insight.

UIMA and Big Data Analytics
Hadoop in its raw form will not solve all the insight required for Big Data processing like in the technologies mentioned earlier. This is evident from the fact that most of the tutorials and examples on Hadoop Big Data Processing are about counting words or parsing text streams for specific words, etc. Naturally these examples are good from an academic perspective but may not solve the real life needs of Big Data processing and the associated insight needed for the enterprises.

UIMA stands for Unstructured Information Management Architecture. It is a component software architecture for the development, discovery, composition and deployment of multi-modal analytics for the analysis of unstructured information and its integration with search and knowledge management technologies.

The UIMA architecture supports the development, discovery, composition and deployment of multi-modal analytics, including text, audio and video.

Once the initial processors understands Video, Audio and other media documents like email and creates textual meaning out of it like the string of tokens or other patterns, these values can be parsed by various annotators of UIMA pipe line.

The parser subcomponent is responsible for converting the crawled document in its native format .

UIMA is an architecture in which basic building blocks called Analysis Engines (AEs) are composed to analyze a document and infer and record descriptive attributes about the document as a whole, and/or about regions therein. This descriptive information, produced by AEs is referred to generally as analysis results. Analysis results typically represent meta-data about the document content. One way to think about AEs is as software agents that automatically discover and record meta-data about original content.

Analysis Engines are constructed from building blocks called Annotators. An annotator is a component that contains analysis logic. Annotators analyze an artifact (for example, a text document) and create additional data (metadata) about that artifact. It is a goal of UIMA that annotators need not be concerned with anything other than their analysis logic - for example the details of their deployment or their interaction with other annotators.

An Analysis Engine (AE) may contain a single annotator (this is referred to as a Primitive AE), or it may be a composition of others and therefore contain multiple annotators (this is referred to as an Aggregate AE).

Some of the examples of Annotators could be :

  • Language Identification annotator
  • Linguistic Analysis annotator
  • Dictionary Lookup annotator
  • Named Entity Recognition annotator
  • Pattern Matcher annotator
  • Classification Module annotator
  • Custom annotators

While a detailed description of Annotators in processing unstructured data is beyond the scope of this article, you can appreciate the power of Annotator with one specific example below.

The OpenCalais Annotator component wraps the OpenCalais web service and makes the OpenCalais analysis results available in UIMA. OpenCalais can detect a large variety of entities, facts and events like for example Persons, Companies, Acquisitions, Mergers, etc.

Summary
As is evident from the above facts, frameworks like UIMA extend the Big Data processing towards much more meaningful insights and map them to real world scenarios. While the Massively Parallel Processing abilities of Hadoop will be a key factor in Big Data initiatives, it is not alone enough and frameworks like UIMA will be playing a much larger part.

More Stories By Srinivasan Sundara Rajan

I am passionate about ownership and driving things on my own, with my breadth and depth on Enterprise Technology I could run any aspect of IT Industry and make it a success. I am a Seasoned Enterprise IT Expert, mainly in the areas of Solution,Integration and Architecture, across Structured, Unstructured data sources, especially in manufacturing domain. My recent work is on Natural Language Processing, Semantic Enrichment of Unstructured Data, Data Mining and Predictive Analytics. However I have a strong footing across all tiers of Enterprise IT spectrum. I am geared to handle the massive flow of data by Internet Of Things with appropriate platform, tools and processes.

@ThingsExpo Stories
"There is a natural synchronization between the business models, the IoT is there to support ,” explained Brendan O'Brien, Co-founder and Chief Architect of Aria Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at the 15th International Cloud Expo®, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The major cloud platforms defy a simple, side-by-side analysis. Each of the major IaaS public-cloud platforms offers their own unique strengths and functionality. Options for on-site private cloud are diverse as well, and must be designed and deployed while taking existing legacy architecture and infrastructure into account. Then the reality is that most enterprises are embarking on a hybrid cloud strategy and programs. In this Power Panel at 15th Cloud Expo (http://www.CloudComputingExpo.com), moderated by Ashar Baig, Research Director, Cloud, at Gigaom Research, Nate Gordon, Director of T...
The definition of IoT is not new, in fact it’s been around for over a decade. What has changed is the public's awareness that the technology we use on a daily basis has caught up on the vision of an always on, always connected world. If you look into the details of what comprises the IoT, you’ll see that it includes everything from cloud computing, Big Data analytics, “Things,” Web communication, applications, network, storage, etc. It is essentially including everything connected online from hardware to software, or as we like to say, it’s an Internet of many different things. The difference ...

ARMONK, N.Y., Nov. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ --  IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced that it is bringing a greater level of control, security and flexibility to cloud-based application development and delivery with a single-tenant version of Bluemix, IBM's platform-as-a-service. The new platform enables developers to build ap...

Cloud Expo 2014 TV commercials will feature @ThingsExpo, which was launched in June, 2014 at New York City's Javits Center as the largest 'Internet of Things' event in the world.
An entirely new security model is needed for the Internet of Things, or is it? Can we save some old and tested controls for this new and different environment? In his session at @ThingsExpo, New York's at the Javits Center, Davi Ottenheimer, EMC Senior Director of Trust, reviewed hands-on lessons with IoT devices and reveal a new risk balance you might not expect. Davi Ottenheimer, EMC Senior Director of Trust, has more than nineteen years' experience managing global security operations and assessments, including a decade of leading incident response and digital forensics. He is co-author of t...
Explosive growth in connected devices. Enormous amounts of data for collection and analysis. Critical use of data for split-second decision making and actionable information. All three are factors in making the Internet of Things a reality. Yet, any one factor would have an IT organization pondering its infrastructure strategy. How should your organization enhance its IT framework to enable an Internet of Things implementation? In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, James Kirkland, Chief Architect for the Internet of Things and Intelligent Systems at Red Hat, described how to revolutioniz...
Technology is enabling a new approach to collecting and using data. This approach, commonly referred to as the "Internet of Things" (IoT), enables businesses to use real-time data from all sorts of things including machines, devices and sensors to make better decisions, improve customer service, and lower the risk in the creation of new revenue opportunities. In his General Session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Dave Wagstaff, Vice President and Chief Architect at BSQUARE Corporation, discuss the real benefits to focus on, how to understand the requirements of a successful solution, the flow of ...
The security devil is always in the details of the attack: the ones you've endured, the ones you prepare yourself to fend off, and the ones that, you fear, will catch you completely unaware and defenseless. The Internet of Things (IoT) is nothing if not an endless proliferation of details. It's the vision of a world in which continuous Internet connectivity and addressability is embedded into a growing range of human artifacts, into the natural world, and even into our smartphones, appliances, and physical persons. In the IoT vision, every new "thing" - sensor, actuator, data source, data con...
"BSQUARE is in the business of selling software solutions for smart connected devices. It's obvious that IoT has moved from being a technology to being a fundamental part of business, and in the last 18 months people have said let's figure out how to do it and let's put some focus on it, " explained Dave Wagstaff, VP & Chief Architect, at BSQUARE Corporation, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Nov 4-6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Focused on this fast-growing market’s needs, Vitesse Semiconductor Corporation (Nasdaq: VTSS), a leading provider of IC solutions to advance "Ethernet Everywhere" in Carrier, Enterprise and Internet of Things (IoT) networks, introduced its IStaX™ software (VSC6815SDK), a robust protocol stack to simplify deployment and management of Industrial-IoT network applications such as Industrial Ethernet switching, surveillance, video distribution, LCD signage, intelligent sensors, and metering equipment. Leveraging technologies proven in the Carrier and Enterprise markets, IStaX is designed to work ac...
C-Labs LLC, a leading provider of remote and mobile access for the Internet of Things (IoT), announced the appointment of John Traynor to the position of chief operating officer. Previously a strategic advisor to the firm, Mr. Traynor will now oversee sales, marketing, finance, and operations. Mr. Traynor is based out of the C-Labs office in Redmond, Washington. He reports to Chris Muench, Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Traynor brings valuable business leadership and technology industry expertise to C-Labs. With over 30 years' experience in the high-tech sector, John Traynor has held numerous...
Bit6 today issued a challenge to the technology community implementing Web Real Time Communication (WebRTC). To leap beyond WebRTC’s significant limitations and fully leverage its underlying value to accelerate innovation, application developers need to consider the entire communications ecosystem.
The 3rd International @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that it is now accepting Keynote Proposals. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades.
The Internet of Things is not new. Historically, smart businesses have used its basic concept of leveraging data to drive better decision making and have capitalized on those insights to realize additional revenue opportunities. So, what has changed to make the Internet of Things one of the hottest topics in tech? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Gray, Director, Embedded and Internet of Things, discussed the underlying factors that are driving the economics of intelligent systems. Discover how hardware commoditization, the ubiquitous nature of connectivity, and the emergence of Big Data a...
Almost everyone sees the potential of Internet of Things but how can businesses truly unlock that potential. The key will be in the ability to discover business insight in the midst of an ocean of Big Data generated from billions of embedded devices via Systems of Discover. Businesses will also need to ensure that they can sustain that insight by leveraging the cloud for global reach, scale and elasticity.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Windstream, a leading provider of advanced network and cloud communications, has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9–11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Windstream (Nasdaq: WIN), a FORTUNE 500 and S&P 500 company, is a leading provider of advanced network communications, including cloud computing and managed services, to businesses nationwide. The company also offers broadband, phone and digital TV services to consumers primarily in rural areas.
SYS-CON Events announced today that IDenticard will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. IDenticard™ is the security division of Brady Corp (NYSE: BRC), a $1.5 billion manufacturer of identification products. We have small-company values with the strength and stability of a major corporation. IDenticard offers local sales, support and service to our customers across the United States and Canada. Our partner network encompasses some 300 of the world's leading systems integrators and security s...
IoT is still a vague buzzword for many people. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mike Kavis, Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Partners, discussed the business value of IoT that goes far beyond the general public's perception that IoT is all about wearables and home consumer services. He also discussed how IoT is perceived by investors and how venture capitalist access this space. Other topics discussed were barriers to success, what is new, what is old, and what the future may hold. Mike Kavis is Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Pa...
Cloud Expo 2014 TV commercials will feature @ThingsExpo, which was launched in June, 2014 at New York City's Javits Center as the largest 'Internet of Things' event in the world. The next @ThingsExpo will take place November 4-6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, in Santa Clara, California. Since its launch in 2008, Cloud Expo TV commercials have been aired and CNBC, Fox News Network, and Bloomberg TV. Please enjoy our 2014 commercial.