Welcome!

Apache Authors: Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Christopher Harrold, Janakiram MSV

Related Topics: Java IoT, Industrial IoT, Microservices Expo, IBM Cloud, Eclipse, Apache

Java IoT: Blog Feed Post

Configuring JMX in WebSphere 8.5

Historically most JMX implementations used the simple JMXMP protocol as the underlying transport

Like most application servers, WebSphere 8.5 has a rich management infrastructure based on JMX, or Java Management Extensions. In fact, the WebSphere administration console uses JMX to connect to the server to issue queries and perform administrative operations. In a previous post I showed you how to secure JBoss’ JMX connector. While there is a lot of information out there on how to connect to WebSphere via JMX, most of the examples involve either disabling SSL, or worse – disabling security globally. So let’s see how we can access WebSphere’s JMX connector remotely in a secure way. Like most things WebSphere, this could look very daunting at first, but once done, you will have a reliable and secure setup.

First, a Little Background
Historically most JMX implementations used the simple JMXMP protocol as the underlying transport. The newer versions of the the JMX Spec stipulate that each implementation should support RMI as a transport. As a result, both WebSphere and JBoss have moved away from JMXMP connectors in favor of RMI connectors for JMX. To complicate things even further, WebSphere’s version of RMI works on top of IIOP (and not JRMP as most RMI servers do). In practice, this means that any RMI client (including JMX clients) connecting to WebSphere should use some WebSphere-specific jar files on the classpath. Additionally, because RMI/IIOP uses SSL, we need to specify the correct path to the server’s keystore and trust store where the client and server SSL keys are stored.

Enabling the JMX Connector in WebSphere
For the rest of this post, we are going to assume the following:

  • WebSphere 8.5 is installed in /opt/IBM/WebSphere
  • You have created an application server node named server1, which is up and running
  • The administration console is deployed
  • You have the administrative credentials

Step 1. Log on to the Admin Console

Open a web browser, go to https://localhost:9043/ibm/console and log in with your administrative user and password:

Step 2. Navigate to the server settings:

From the menu on the left, go to Servers > Server Types > WebSphere Application Servers.

Step 3. Click on your server (default is server1) and select the Configuration tab.

Step 4. Scroll down to the Server Infrastructure section and expand Administration and select Administration Services

Step 5. Enable JSR160 RMI JMX Connector. Select JMX Connectors, then check JSR160RMIConnector and click Enable. When prompted, select Save to Master Configuration:

Step 6. Verify the IIOP Port Number Go back to the server page (see steps 2&3), but this time click on Ports (under the Communications heading). Make a note of the ORB_LISTENER_ADDRESS value (default is 9100)

Step 7. Restart the server. From the command line, go to your server profile folder, e.g.

[[email protected] bin]cd /opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/AppSrv01/bin
[[email protected] bin]sudo ./stopServer.sh server1
ADMU0116I: Tool information is being logged in file
           /opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/AppSrv01/logs/server1/stopServer.log
ADMU0128I: Starting tool with the AppSrv01 profile
ADMU3100I: Reading configuration for server: server1
ADMU3201I: Server stop request issued. Waiting for stop status.
ADMU4000I: Server server1 stop completed.

[[email protected] bin]$ sudo ./startServer.sh server1 
ADMU0116I: Tool information is being logged in file
           /opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/AppSrv01/logs/server1/startServer.log
ADMU0128I: Starting tool with the AppSrv01 profile
ADMU3100I: Reading configuration for server: server1
ADMU3200I: Server launched. Waiting for initialization status.
ADMU3000I: Server server1 open for e-business; process id is 13397

After what seems like an eternity, your server will come up.

Step 8. Verify that the server is listening on port 9100:

[[email protected] ~]$ netstat -an | grep 9100
tcp        0      0 :::9100                     :::*                        LISTEN

Running JConsole
JConsole is the generic JMX console provided with the Java SDK. It is expected to work with any MBean server. On the other WebSphere’s MBean server exposes WebSphere-specific objects.  For this reason, we need to tweak the environment a little bit in order to make the WebSphere-specific classed known to JConsole. There are also some SSL-specific client and server keys (stored in a key store) that the JMX client needs to establish an SSL connection to the server. We will do all this (and more) with a simple shell script (be sure to change the PORT variable to match ORB_LISTENER_ADDRESS, and also to specify the correct IP address). After the script sets up the environment variables, it invokes the jconsole client bundled with the IBM JDK installed in the WebSphere directory:

#!/bin/bash

WAS_HOME=/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer

# setup server-specific env variables
. $WAS_HOME/profiles/AppSrv01/bin/setupCmdLine.sh

#HOST=localhost
HOST=192.168.24.129 # Change this as needed
PORT=9100 

CLASSPATH=$JAVA_HOME/lib/jconsole.jar
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$WAS_HOME/runtimes/com.ibm.ws.admin.client_8.5.0.jar
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$WAS_HOME/runtimes/com.ibm.ws.ejb.thinclient_8.5.0.jar
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$WAS_HOME/runtimes/com.ibm.ws.orb_8.5.0.jar

$JAVA_HOME/bin/jconsole \
        -J-Djava.class.path=$CLASSPATH\
        -J$CLIENTSAS\
        -J$CLIENTSSL\
        service:jmx:iiop://$HOST:$PORT/jndi/JMXConnector

Once you run the script, JConsole should open and connect to the server. Enter your administrator credentials when prompted:

Feel free to explore the properties and administrative operations provided by the server:

In a future post, we will take things a step further by using the Monitis JMX monitor to gather metrics from WebSphere and upload them to your Monitis account. Until then, happy monitoring!

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Hovhannes Avoyan

Hovhannes Avoyan is the CEO of PicsArt, Inc.,

@ThingsExpo Stories
"Akvelon is a software development company and we also provide consultancy services to folks who are looking to scale or accelerate their engineering roadmaps," explained Jeremiah Mothersell, Marketing Manager at Akvelon, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
IoT is at the core or many Digital Transformation initiatives with the goal of re-inventing a company's business model. We all agree that collecting relevant IoT data will result in massive amounts of data needing to be stored. However, with the rapid development of IoT devices and ongoing business model transformation, we are not able to predict the volume and growth of IoT data. And with the lack of IoT history, traditional methods of IT and infrastructure planning based on the past do not app...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that the upcoming DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO New York event will feature 10 companies from Poland to participate at the "Poland Digital Transformation Pavilion" on November 12-13, 2018.
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...
@DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo, taking place November 12-13 in New York City, NY, is co-located with 22nd international CloudEXPO | first international DXWorldEXPO and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world.
More and more brands have jumped on the IoT bandwagon. We have an excess of wearables – activity trackers, smartwatches, smart glasses and sneakers, and more that track seemingly endless datapoints. However, most consumers have no idea what “IoT” means. Creating more wearables that track data shouldn't be the aim of brands; delivering meaningful, tangible relevance to their users should be. We're in a period in which the IoT pendulum is still swinging. Initially, it swung toward "smart for smart...
As data explodes in quantity, importance and from new sources, the need for managing and protecting data residing across physical, virtual, and cloud environments grow with it. Managing data includes protecting it, indexing and classifying it for true, long-term management, compliance and E-Discovery. Commvault can ensure this with a single pane of glass solution – whether in a private cloud, a Service Provider delivered public cloud or a hybrid cloud environment – across the heterogeneous enter...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that ICC-USA, a computer systems integrator and server manufacturing company focused on developing products and product appliances, will exhibit at the 22nd International CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO. DXWordEXPO New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. ICC is a computer systems integrator and server manufacturing company focused on developing products and product appliances to meet a wide range of ...
Michael Maximilien, better known as max or Dr. Max, is a computer scientist with IBM. At IBM Research Triangle Park, he was a principal engineer for the worldwide industry point-of-sale standard: JavaPOS. At IBM Research, some highlights include pioneering research on semantic Web services, mashups, and cloud computing, and platform-as-a-service. He joined the IBM Cloud Labs in 2014 and works closely with Pivotal Inc., to help make the Cloud Found the best PaaS.
Headquartered in Plainsboro, NJ, Synametrics Technologies has provided IT professionals and computer systems developers since 1997. Based on the success of their initial product offerings (WinSQL and DeltaCopy), the company continues to create and hone innovative products that help its customers get more from their computer applications, databases and infrastructure. To date, over one million users around the world have chosen Synametrics solutions to help power their accelerated business or per...
Dion Hinchcliffe is an internationally recognized digital expert, bestselling book author, frequent keynote speaker, analyst, futurist, and transformation expert based in Washington, DC. He is currently Chief Strategy Officer at the industry-leading digital strategy and online community solutions firm, 7Summits.
In an era of historic innovation fueled by unprecedented access to data and technology, the low cost and risk of entering new markets has leveled the playing field for business. Today, any ambitious innovator can easily introduce a new application or product that can reinvent business models and transform the client experience. In their Day 2 Keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Mercer Rowe, IBM Vice President of Strategic Alliances, and Raejeanne Skillern, Intel Vice President of Data Center Group and ...
Founded in 2000, Chetu Inc. is a global provider of customized software development solutions and IT staff augmentation services for software technology providers. By providing clients with unparalleled niche technology expertise and industry experience, Chetu has become the premiere long-term, back-end software development partner for start-ups, SMBs, and Fortune 500 companies. Chetu is headquartered in Plantation, Florida, with thirteen offices throughout the U.S. and abroad.
In his Opening Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, John Considine, General Manager of IBM Cloud Infrastructure, led attendees through the exciting evolution of the cloud. He looked at this major disruption from the perspective of technology, business models, and what this means for enterprises of all sizes. John Considine is General Manager of Cloud Infrastructure Services at IBM. In that role he is responsible for leading IBM’s public cloud infrastructure including strategy, development, and offering m...
From 2013, NTT Communications has been providing cPaaS service, SkyWay. Its customer’s expectations for leveraging WebRTC technology are not only typical real-time communication use cases such as Web conference, remote education, but also IoT use cases such as remote camera monitoring, smart-glass, and robotic. Because of this, NTT Communications has numerous IoT business use-cases that its customers are developing on top of PaaS. WebRTC will lead IoT businesses to be more innovative and address...
Rodrigo Coutinho is part of OutSystems' founders' team and currently the Head of Product Design. He provides a cross-functional role where he supports Product Management in defining the positioning and direction of the Agile Platform, while at the same time promoting model-based development and new techniques to deliver applications in the cloud.
Business professionals no longer wonder if they'll migrate to the cloud; it's now a matter of when. The cloud environment has proved to be a major force in transitioning to an agile business model that enables quick decisions and fast implementation that solidify customer relationships. And when the cloud is combined with the power of cognitive computing, it drives innovation and transformation that achieves astounding competitive advantage.
IoT is rapidly becoming mainstream as more and more investments are made into the platforms and technology. As this movement continues to expand and gain momentum it creates a massive wall of noise that can be difficult to sift through. Unfortunately, this inevitably makes IoT less approachable for people to get started with and can hamper efforts to integrate this key technology into your own portfolio. There are so many connected products already in place today with many hundreds more on the h...
In his session at Cloud Expo, Alan Winters, U.S. Head of Business Development at MobiDev, presented a success story of an entrepreneur who has both suffered through and benefited from offshore development across multiple businesses: The smart choice, or how to select the right offshore development partner Warning signs, or how to minimize chances of making the wrong choice Collaboration, or how to establish the most effective work processes Budget control, or how to maximize project result...
Personalization has long been the holy grail of marketing. Simply stated, communicate the most relevant offer to the right person and you will increase sales. To achieve this, you must understand the individual. Consequently, digital marketers developed many ways to gather and leverage customer information to deliver targeted experiences. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lou Casal, Founder and Principal Consultant at Practicala, discussed how the Internet of Things (IoT) has accelerated our abilit...