Welcome!

Apache Authors: Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Christopher Harrold, Janakiram MSV

Blog Feed Post

vCloud Automation Center – vCAC 5.1 – Amazon EC2 Configuration

Usually most people go straight for connecting vCAC to vCenter, but I have decided to connect to Amazon EC2 first. I’m doing this for a few reasons, but mainly because anyone reading this has access to EC2. All you really need is any computer with a Desktop Virtualization tool like VMware workstation and you can test vCAC with Amazon EC2. If you don’t have an Amazon AWWS account go to http://aws.amazon.com and sign-up.

Signing up for Amazon AWS is free and what’s even better is you can also provision “Micro.Instances” for free for an entire year as long as you stay within these guidelines. The basics are this:

  • 750 Hours of Linux/Windows Micro Instance Usage per month. (613Mb Memory). This is enough to run a single micro instance for the whole month.
  • 750 Hours of Elastic Load Balancing plus 15GB of data processing
  • 30GB of Elastic Block Storage
  • 5GB of S3 Storage with 20,000 Get requests and 2,000 Put requests
  • And some other goodies…..

You can run more than one micro instance at a time as long as the consecutive run time of your machines doesn’t go over 750 hours a month. Once you provision an instance it automatically counts as 15 minutes used. I don’t bother trying to calculate by the 15 minutes so the way I look at it is I can perform 750 provisioning tests per month if each test is less than an hour.

Backgroud information

Before we begin the configuration there are a few things we need in place. If you don’t already have vCAC installed and the foundation laid check out these posts to get going:

What were going to configure

In order to configure EC2 integration we are going to setup some additional components of vCAC as outlined below:

  • Credentials -Credentials will be utilized by out endpoints to authenticate us to the infrastructure element managers that we are going to communicate with.
  • End Point – Endpoints are how we manage connections from vCAC to other infrastructure elements in the environment. There are endpoints that allow us to communicate with EC2, vCenter, vCloud Director, vCenter Orchestrator, Hyper-V, NetApp Filers, as well as Physical Servers such as HP iLO, Dell iDrac, and Cisco UCS.
  • Enterprise Group – Although we already created an Enterprise Group we are going to add Compute Resources to the group in this exercise. FOr more information on what Enterprise Groups are see my earlier article “vCloud Automation Center – Laying the foundation“.
  • Reservations – A resource reservation is how we provide available resources to our provisioning groups. Resource Reservation are a one to one mapping to provisioning groups. Resource reservation will get created for any type of resources you want to make available to your groups. we will discuss these in more detail in another article.
  • Global Blueprints – A Blueprint is really a service definition that details what the consumer can request and all the policies and configuration of that service. We will create an Amazon Ec2 Blueprint that a consumer can request through the service catalog in this example. I will cover Blueprints in greater detail in another article.
    •  

      Configuring vCAC to provision to Amazon EC2

      Crating Credentials

      1.) The first thing we need to do is log into the vCAC console at “http://[host]/dcac“, then go to the “vCAC Administrator” menu on the “Left” and select “Credentials“.
      2.) On the “Credentials” page select “New Credentials” in the “Upper Right” corner.

      VCACEC2-1

      3.) Give your “Credential” a “Name” and “Description“. We then need to get your Amazon AWS “Access Key ID” and “Secret Access Key” which are covered in the following steps. The “Access Key ID” will be your “Username” and the “Secret Access Key” will be used as the “Password“.

      VCACEC2-2

      Getting your AWS Access Key ID and Secret Access Key

      4.)Login to your Amazon AWS account at “http://aws.amazon.com“. At the top “Right” corner “Hover” over “My Account/Console” and then select “Security Credentials

      VCACEC2-3

      5.) Scroll Down the page until you set to the section labeled “Access Credentials” and you will see your “Access Key ID” displayed. Copy and paste this in the “Credentials” “Username” field.

      VCACEC2-4

      6.) Next “Click” “Show” to display your “Secret Access Key“. Copy and paste this into the “Credentials” “Password” Fields.

      VCACEC2-5

      7.) Once you have input your “Username” and “Password” click the “Green” check on the “Left” hand side.

      VCACEC2-2

      Creating an EndPoint”

      8.) Next go to “vCAC Administrator” menu and “Click” “Endpoints” Once the “EndPoints” page displays “Hover” over “New EndPoint” and select “Amazon EC2“.

      VCACEC2-48

      9.) Give your “Endpoint” and “Name” and then “click” the selection box next to “Credentials“. Select the “Amazon EC2” “Credentials” you just created and “Click” “Ok“., then “Click” “Ok” on the “New Endpoint” Screen.

      VCACEC2-6

      10.) You will now see your newly crated Endpoint listed on the Endpoints screen. At this point vCAC executes a workflows that connects to Amazon AWS and validates your Credentials. If your credentials are validated the workflow will proceed to do a Data Discovery. The discovery will detect the available Amazon EC2 resources available for use. Once the discovery if finished the Amazon EC2 resources will become available within the “Enterprise Group” for selection.

      VCACEC2-7

      Adding Compute Resources to an Enterprise Group

      11.) Next let’s go to the “vCAC Administrators” menu and select “Enterprise Groups“. Once on the “Enterprise Groups” page “Hover” over the “Enterprise Group” we created and “select” “Edit

      VCACEC2-8

      12.) In the “Enterprise Group” we now see the “Amazon Regions” that are available. Select the “Amazon Region” that you would like to use and “Click” “Ok“.

      VCACEC2-9

      13.) Next if you go to the “Enterprise Administrators” Menu on the left and select “Compute Resources” you will see a “Compute Resource” for each “Amazon Region” you selected. Once the “Compute Resource” is available we can create a “Resource Reservation” to assign to our “Provisioning Group“.

      VCACEC2-10

      Creating a Reservation

      14.)On the “Enterprise Administrators” menu select “Reservations” and then “Hover” over “New Reservation” in the upper right corner and select “Cloud

      VCACEC2-11

      VCACEC2-12

      15.)On the “New Reservation – Cloud” page select the “Drop Down” dialog next to “Compute Resource” and select the “Amazon EC2” “Compute Resource

      VCACEC2-13

      16.) vCAC will “auto-generate” a “Name” for the “Reservation” however you can change the name if you like. The select the “Drop Down” dialog next to “Provisioning Group” and “Select” the “Provisioning Group” we created.

      VCACEC2-14

      17.) Next if you like you can set a “Machine Quota” to limit the number of machines that can be provisioned on to this “Amazon AWS Reservation“. You must set a “Priority” for the “Reservation” which is used to assist in making placement decisions if you have multiple reservations. I will talk more about this in another post. Once you have set your “Priority” “click” the “Resources” tab above.

      VCACEC2-15

      18.)”Amazon AWS” utilized “Key Pairs” for enhanced security of machine management tasks. You ave a few options within vCAC. You can let vCAC “Auto-generate a key pair per Provisioning Group“, “Auto-Generate a key pair per Machine“, or you can use a “Specific key pair” that you have already created through the “Amazon AWS” console. I’m going to use the “Auto-Generated per Provisioning Group” option in this example.

      VCACEC2-16

      19.) Next we need to select the “Locations” within the “Selected AWS Region” that we want to make available for use. I’m going to select them all. Then we need to select the “Security Group” we would like to make our machine part of. The “Security Group” can be looked at as a firewall rules for your machine. I’m going to select my “Default” “Security Group“. Optionally you can select a “Load Balancer” to attach the machine to as well. I will cover this in a later article. When you are finished “Click” “Alerts” above.

      VCACEC2-17

      20.) Here you can optionally enable “Alerts” that will send notifications if the “Reservation” is nearing capacity. Set the “Quota Threshold” for your alert, the email addresses to be notified, and the “Reminder Frequency” and click “Ok

      VCACEC2-18

      21.) You will now see your newly created “Reservation” listed on the “Reservations” screen. Now select “Global Blueprints” located under the “Enterprise Administrators” menu.

      VCACEC2-19

      Creating a Blueprint

      22.) Once you are on the “Global Blueprints” page “Hover” over “New Blueprint” and select “Cloud

      VCACEC2-20

      23.) Once on the “Blueprint Information” tab give your “Blueprint” a “Name“, and optionally change the “Display Icon“. Next assign it to a “Group(s)” and then optionally override the “Prefix” associated with this “Blueprint“. Then you can optionally set the max number of machines a user can request for this blueprint and a daily cost if you wish. Once complete select the “Build Information” tab above.

      VCACEC2-21

      24.) On the “Build Information” tab change the “Blueprint Type” to “Server”

      VCACEC2-22

      25.) Then next to “Amazon Machine Image” click the “Selection” box.

      VCACEC2-23

      26.) Once the dialog box appears you can filer the results at the top to narrow the result for the AMI you would like to use. If you selected multiple regions for use make sure the AMI is in the Region you want to use. Select the “AMI” you would like to use and click “Ok

      VCACEC2-24

      27.) “Optionally” you can “override” the “key Pair” setting that we configured in the “Reservation“.

      VCACEC2-25

      28.) “Optionally” you can “Enable” network options for the “Bluepeint“. The will allow the requester to select the “Security Group” they would like to apply to the machine if more than one was selected in the “Reservation“.

      VCACEC2-26

      29.) Next select the “Instance Types” you would like the requester to be able to choose from.

      VCACEC2-27

      30.) Then select the “Security” tab above.

      VCACEC2-28

      Making a Request

      31.) “Hover” over the newly created “Blueprint” on the “Global Blueprints” page and select “Request machine” to test our configuration. You can also go to the “Self Service” menu and select “Request Machine

      VCACEC2-29

      32.)On the “Confirm Machine Request” page click the “Drop Down” next to “Instance Type” and select the type of “Instance” you would like to request.

      VCACEC2-30

      33.) Then click the “Drop Down” next to “Provision Into” and select “Non-VPC Location” because we do not have a “VPC” configured.

      VCACEC2-31

      34.) Next select the “Drop Down” next to “Location” and select a location to provision to.

      VCACEC2-32

      35.) Next click the “Storage” tab above.

      VCACEC2-33

      36.) Optionally you can add “EBS Storage” volumes to your “Request“. Click the “Network” tab above.

      VCACEC2-34

      37.) “Optionally” if you added more than one “Security Group” to your “Reservation” and “Enabled” “Network Options” in the “Blueprint” you can select a different “Security Group” for your machine. Click “Ok” when finished.

      VCACEC2-35

      38.) Next under the “Self-Service” menu select “My Machines” to track the status of your request.

      VCACEC2-36

      39.) Your newly “Requested” machine will appear under “My Machines” and the status will show “Requested“. Note: If you machine does not show up click refresh as it can take a few seconds for it to appear.

      VCACEC2-37

      40.) If you continue to “Refresh” the page you will see the requests updated “Status“. The next “Status” your “Request” will go to is “CloudProvisioning“.

      VCACEC2-38

      41.) After your request goes to “CloudProvisioning” If you login to your “AWS Console” and go to “AWS Management Console“, then “EC2“, and then “Instances” you will see your newly provisioned machine in the “Pending State

      VCACEC2-39

      42.) Once finished the machine state in “vCAC” will go to “MachineProvisioned“, Then “Turning On“, and finally “On

      VCACEC2-40

      VCACEC2-41

      VCACEC2-42

      43.) You will now see your machine “Running” in the “AWS Console“.

      VCACEC2-43

      44.) In “vCAC” if you “Hover” over your newly created machine you will see the “Machine Options Menu” select “Edit

      VCACEC2-44

      45.) On the “Machine Information” tab near the bottom you will see “Admin Password“. Here you can show the “Local Password” for your newly provisioned “Amazon AWS Instance” Click the “Storage” tab above. Note: It can take Amazon 30+ minutes to make the password available even through the AWS Console. Once it is available from Amazon, it will not be available in vCAC until vCAC performs a data collection.

      VCACEC2-45

      46.) On the “Storage” tab you can add “EBS” storage “post-proviosioning” if you would like. Click on the “Network” tab above.

      VCACEC2-46

      47.) On the “Network” tab you can assign an “Elastic IP Address” if you have made them available through “Amazon AWS“. You can also change the “Security Group” and assign the machine to a “Load Balancer” Click “Ok” when you are done. More on these option soon.

      VCACEC2-47

      There are a few important things to note. If you add additional services such as Elastic IP Address, Elastic Block Storage, Elastic Load Balancers, Sucurity Groups, etc through the Amazon AWS Console they will not appear as available in vCAC until after the next Inventory Data Collection. You can perform a manual data collection as well as change the data collection frequency by doing the following:

      1. Go to “Enterprise Administrator” menu and select “Compute Resources
      2. Hover over the “Compute Resource” and select “Data Collection
      3. Under the “Inventory” section you can set the “Frequency” in hours as well as manually “Request” a “Data Collection“.
      4. If you “Request” a “Data Collection” you can select “Refresh” at the bottom of the page to get the status of the collection.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Sidney Smith

Sid Smith, founder of DailyHypervisor is considered to be a cloud expert in the IT field with over 10 years experience in Virtualization, Automation, and Cloud technologies. Sid Smith started in the industry designing and implementing large scale enterprise server and desktop virtualization environments for fortune 100 and 500 companies. He later went on to become a key employee at DynamicOps the well know creators of Cloud Automation Center. In July 2012 DynamicOps was acquired by VMware who has adopted Cloud Automation Center as a center piece for it’s vCloud Suite of products. Sid has helped dozens of fortune 100 and 500 enterprises successfully adopt both private and public cloud strategies as part of their IT offerings. The result of which was large operational and capital savings for his customers. Sid continues to help large enterprise customers reach their hybrid cloud strategies at VMware. On DailyHypervisor you will find exclusive content that will help you learn how to adopt a successful cloud strategy through the use of VMware Cloud Automation Center, Open Stack, and other industry recognized cloud solutions.

@ThingsExpo Stories
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Eric Lachapelle, CEO of the Professional Evaluation and Certification Board (PECB), provided an overview of various initiatives to certify the security of connected devices and future trends in ensuring public trust of IoT. Eric Lachapelle is the Chief Executive Officer of the Professional Evaluation and Certification Board (PECB), an international certification body. His role is to help companies and individuals to achieve professional, accredited and worldwide re...
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend 21st Cloud Expo October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.
No hype cycles or predictions of zillions of things here. IoT is big. You get it. You know your business and have great ideas for a business transformation strategy. What comes next? Time to make it happen. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jay Mason, Associate Partner at M&S Consulting, presented a step-by-step plan to develop your technology implementation strategy. He discussed the evaluation of communication standards and IoT messaging protocols, data analytics considerations, edge-to-cloud tec...
When growing capacity and power in the data center, the architectural trade-offs between server scale-up vs. scale-out continue to be debated. Both approaches are valid: scale-out adds multiple, smaller servers running in a distributed computing model, while scale-up adds fewer, more powerful servers that are capable of running larger workloads. It’s worth noting that there are additional, unique advantages that scale-up architectures offer. One big advantage is large memory and compute capacity...
Amazon started as an online bookseller 20 years ago. Since then, it has evolved into a technology juggernaut that has disrupted multiple markets and industries and touches many aspects of our lives. It is a relentless technology and business model innovator driving disruption throughout numerous ecosystems. Amazon’s AWS revenues alone are approaching $16B a year making it one of the largest IT companies in the world. With dominant offerings in Cloud, IoT, eCommerce, Big Data, AI, Digital Assista...
SYS-CON Events announced today that CA Technologies has been named "Platinum Sponsor" of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. CA Technologies helps customers succeed in a future where every business - from apparel to energy - is being rewritten by software. From planning to development to management to security, CA creates software that fuels transformation for companies in the applic...
Artificial intelligence, machine learning, neural networks. We’re in the midst of a wave of excitement around AI such as hasn’t been seen for a few decades. But those previous periods of inflated expectations led to troughs of disappointment. Will this time be different? Most likely. Applications of AI such as predictive analytics are already decreasing costs and improving reliability of industrial machinery. Furthermore, the funding and research going into AI now comes from a wide range of com...
Multiple data types are pouring into IoT deployments. Data is coming in small packages as well as enormous files and data streams of many sizes. Widespread use of mobile devices adds to the total. In this power panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists looked at the tools and environments that are being put to use in IoT deployments, as well as the team skills a modern enterprise IT shop needs to keep things running, get a handle on all this data, and deliver...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 21st Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devic...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloud Academy named "Bronze Sponsor" of 21st International Cloud Expo which will take place October 31 - November 2, 2017 at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Cloud Academy is the industry’s most innovative, vendor-neutral cloud technology training platform. Cloud Academy provides continuous learning solutions for individuals and enterprise teams for Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform, and the most popular cloud com...
SYS-CON Events announced today that IBM has been named “Diamond Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 21st Cloud Expo, which will take place on October 31 through November 2nd 2017 at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, California.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Enzu will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st Int\ernational Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Enzu’s mission is to be the leading provider of enterprise cloud solutions worldwide. Enzu enables online businesses to use its IT infrastructure to their competitive advantage. By offering a suite of proven hosting and management services, Enzu wants companies to focus on the core of their ...
We build IoT infrastructure products - when you have to integrate different devices, different systems and cloud you have to build an application to do that but we eliminate the need to build an application. Our products can integrate any device, any system, any cloud regardless of protocol," explained Peter Jung, Chief Product Officer at Pulzze Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA
SYS-CON Events announced today that GrapeUp, the leading provider of rapid product development at the speed of business, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Grape Up is a software company, specialized in cloud native application development and professional services related to Cloud Foundry PaaS. With five expert teams that operate in various sectors of the market acr...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ayehu will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on October 31 - November 2, 2017 at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara California. Ayehu provides IT Process Automation & Orchestration solutions for IT and Security professionals to identify and resolve critical incidents and enable rapid containment, eradication, and recovery from cyber security breaches. Ayehu provides customers greater control over IT infras...
SYS-CON Events announced today that MobiDev, a client-oriented software development company, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MobiDev is a software company that develops and delivers turn-key mobile apps, websites, web services, and complex software systems for startups and enterprises. Since 2009 it has grown from a small group of passionate engineers and business...
In his session at Cloud Expo, Alan Winters, an entertainment executive/TV producer turned serial entrepreneur, presented a success story of an entrepreneur who has both suffered through and benefited from offshore development across multiple businesses: The smart choice, or how to select the right offshore development partner Warning signs, or how to minimize chances of making the wrong choice Collaboration, or how to establish the most effective work processes Budget control, or how to ma...
"When we talk about cloud without compromise what we're talking about is that when people think about 'I need the flexibility of the cloud' - it's the ability to create applications and run them in a cloud environment that's far more flexible,” explained Matthew Finnie, CTO of Interoute, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
IoT solutions exploit operational data generated by Internet-connected smart “things” for the purpose of gaining operational insight and producing “better outcomes” (for example, create new business models, eliminate unscheduled maintenance, etc.). The explosive proliferation of IoT solutions will result in an exponential growth in the volume of IoT data, precipitating significant Information Governance issues: who owns the IoT data, what are the rights/duties of IoT solutions adopters towards t...
With the introduction of IoT and Smart Living in every aspect of our lives, one question has become relevant: What are the security implications? To answer this, first we have to look and explore the security models of the technologies that IoT is founded upon. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Nevi Kaja, a Research Engineer at Ford Motor Company, discussed some of the security challenges of the IoT infrastructure and related how these aspects impact Smart Living. The material was delivered interac...