Click here to close now.


Apache Authors: Pat Romanski, Jim Scott, Jnan Dash, Craig Lowell, Liz McMillan

Blog Feed Post

vCloud Automation Center – vCAC 5.1 – Amazon EC2 Configuration

Usually most people go straight for connecting vCAC to vCenter, but I have decided to connect to Amazon EC2 first. I’m doing this for a few reasons, but mainly because anyone reading this has access to EC2. All you really need is any computer with a Desktop Virtualization tool like VMware workstation and you can test vCAC with Amazon EC2. If you don’t have an Amazon AWWS account go to and sign-up.

Signing up for Amazon AWS is free and what’s even better is you can also provision “Micro.Instances” for free for an entire year as long as you stay within these guidelines. The basics are this:

  • 750 Hours of Linux/Windows Micro Instance Usage per month. (613Mb Memory). This is enough to run a single micro instance for the whole month.
  • 750 Hours of Elastic Load Balancing plus 15GB of data processing
  • 30GB of Elastic Block Storage
  • 5GB of S3 Storage with 20,000 Get requests and 2,000 Put requests
  • And some other goodies…..

You can run more than one micro instance at a time as long as the consecutive run time of your machines doesn’t go over 750 hours a month. Once you provision an instance it automatically counts as 15 minutes used. I don’t bother trying to calculate by the 15 minutes so the way I look at it is I can perform 750 provisioning tests per month if each test is less than an hour.

Backgroud information

Before we begin the configuration there are a few things we need in place. If you don’t already have vCAC installed and the foundation laid check out these posts to get going:

What were going to configure

In order to configure EC2 integration we are going to setup some additional components of vCAC as outlined below:

  • Credentials -Credentials will be utilized by out endpoints to authenticate us to the infrastructure element managers that we are going to communicate with.
  • End Point – Endpoints are how we manage connections from vCAC to other infrastructure elements in the environment. There are endpoints that allow us to communicate with EC2, vCenter, vCloud Director, vCenter Orchestrator, Hyper-V, NetApp Filers, as well as Physical Servers such as HP iLO, Dell iDrac, and Cisco UCS.
  • Enterprise Group – Although we already created an Enterprise Group we are going to add Compute Resources to the group in this exercise. FOr more information on what Enterprise Groups are see my earlier article “vCloud Automation Center – Laying the foundation“.
  • Reservations – A resource reservation is how we provide available resources to our provisioning groups. Resource Reservation are a one to one mapping to provisioning groups. Resource reservation will get created for any type of resources you want to make available to your groups. we will discuss these in more detail in another article.
  • Global Blueprints – A Blueprint is really a service definition that details what the consumer can request and all the policies and configuration of that service. We will create an Amazon Ec2 Blueprint that a consumer can request through the service catalog in this example. I will cover Blueprints in greater detail in another article.

      Configuring vCAC to provision to Amazon EC2

      Crating Credentials

      1.) The first thing we need to do is log into the vCAC console at “http://[host]/dcac“, then go to the “vCAC Administrator” menu on the “Left” and select “Credentials“.
      2.) On the “Credentials” page select “New Credentials” in the “Upper Right” corner.


      3.) Give your “Credential” a “Name” and “Description“. We then need to get your Amazon AWS “Access Key ID” and “Secret Access Key” which are covered in the following steps. The “Access Key ID” will be your “Username” and the “Secret Access Key” will be used as the “Password“.


      Getting your AWS Access Key ID and Secret Access Key

      4.)Login to your Amazon AWS account at ““. At the top “Right” corner “Hover” over “My Account/Console” and then select “Security Credentials


      5.) Scroll Down the page until you set to the section labeled “Access Credentials” and you will see your “Access Key ID” displayed. Copy and paste this in the “Credentials” “Username” field.


      6.) Next “Click” “Show” to display your “Secret Access Key“. Copy and paste this into the “Credentials” “Password” Fields.


      7.) Once you have input your “Username” and “Password” click the “Green” check on the “Left” hand side.


      Creating an EndPoint”

      8.) Next go to “vCAC Administrator” menu and “Click” “Endpoints” Once the “EndPoints” page displays “Hover” over “New EndPoint” and select “Amazon EC2“.


      9.) Give your “Endpoint” and “Name” and then “click” the selection box next to “Credentials“. Select the “Amazon EC2” “Credentials” you just created and “Click” “Ok“., then “Click” “Ok” on the “New Endpoint” Screen.


      10.) You will now see your newly crated Endpoint listed on the Endpoints screen. At this point vCAC executes a workflows that connects to Amazon AWS and validates your Credentials. If your credentials are validated the workflow will proceed to do a Data Discovery. The discovery will detect the available Amazon EC2 resources available for use. Once the discovery if finished the Amazon EC2 resources will become available within the “Enterprise Group” for selection.


      Adding Compute Resources to an Enterprise Group

      11.) Next let’s go to the “vCAC Administrators” menu and select “Enterprise Groups“. Once on the “Enterprise Groups” page “Hover” over the “Enterprise Group” we created and “select” “Edit


      12.) In the “Enterprise Group” we now see the “Amazon Regions” that are available. Select the “Amazon Region” that you would like to use and “Click” “Ok“.


      13.) Next if you go to the “Enterprise Administrators” Menu on the left and select “Compute Resources” you will see a “Compute Resource” for each “Amazon Region” you selected. Once the “Compute Resource” is available we can create a “Resource Reservation” to assign to our “Provisioning Group“.


      Creating a Reservation

      14.)On the “Enterprise Administrators” menu select “Reservations” and then “Hover” over “New Reservation” in the upper right corner and select “Cloud



      15.)On the “New Reservation – Cloud” page select the “Drop Down” dialog next to “Compute Resource” and select the “Amazon EC2” “Compute Resource


      16.) vCAC will “auto-generate” a “Name” for the “Reservation” however you can change the name if you like. The select the “Drop Down” dialog next to “Provisioning Group” and “Select” the “Provisioning Group” we created.


      17.) Next if you like you can set a “Machine Quota” to limit the number of machines that can be provisioned on to this “Amazon AWS Reservation“. You must set a “Priority” for the “Reservation” which is used to assist in making placement decisions if you have multiple reservations. I will talk more about this in another post. Once you have set your “Priority” “click” the “Resources” tab above.


      18.)”Amazon AWS” utilized “Key Pairs” for enhanced security of machine management tasks. You ave a few options within vCAC. You can let vCAC “Auto-generate a key pair per Provisioning Group“, “Auto-Generate a key pair per Machine“, or you can use a “Specific key pair” that you have already created through the “Amazon AWS” console. I’m going to use the “Auto-Generated per Provisioning Group” option in this example.


      19.) Next we need to select the “Locations” within the “Selected AWS Region” that we want to make available for use. I’m going to select them all. Then we need to select the “Security Group” we would like to make our machine part of. The “Security Group” can be looked at as a firewall rules for your machine. I’m going to select my “Default” “Security Group“. Optionally you can select a “Load Balancer” to attach the machine to as well. I will cover this in a later article. When you are finished “Click” “Alerts” above.


      20.) Here you can optionally enable “Alerts” that will send notifications if the “Reservation” is nearing capacity. Set the “Quota Threshold” for your alert, the email addresses to be notified, and the “Reminder Frequency” and click “Ok


      21.) You will now see your newly created “Reservation” listed on the “Reservations” screen. Now select “Global Blueprints” located under the “Enterprise Administrators” menu.


      Creating a Blueprint

      22.) Once you are on the “Global Blueprints” page “Hover” over “New Blueprint” and select “Cloud


      23.) Once on the “Blueprint Information” tab give your “Blueprint” a “Name“, and optionally change the “Display Icon“. Next assign it to a “Group(s)” and then optionally override the “Prefix” associated with this “Blueprint“. Then you can optionally set the max number of machines a user can request for this blueprint and a daily cost if you wish. Once complete select the “Build Information” tab above.


      24.) On the “Build Information” tab change the “Blueprint Type” to “Server”


      25.) Then next to “Amazon Machine Image” click the “Selection” box.


      26.) Once the dialog box appears you can filer the results at the top to narrow the result for the AMI you would like to use. If you selected multiple regions for use make sure the AMI is in the Region you want to use. Select the “AMI” you would like to use and click “Ok


      27.) “Optionally” you can “override” the “key Pair” setting that we configured in the “Reservation“.


      28.) “Optionally” you can “Enable” network options for the “Bluepeint“. The will allow the requester to select the “Security Group” they would like to apply to the machine if more than one was selected in the “Reservation“.


      29.) Next select the “Instance Types” you would like the requester to be able to choose from.


      30.) Then select the “Security” tab above.


      Making a Request

      31.) “Hover” over the newly created “Blueprint” on the “Global Blueprints” page and select “Request machine” to test our configuration. You can also go to the “Self Service” menu and select “Request Machine


      32.)On the “Confirm Machine Request” page click the “Drop Down” next to “Instance Type” and select the type of “Instance” you would like to request.


      33.) Then click the “Drop Down” next to “Provision Into” and select “Non-VPC Location” because we do not have a “VPC” configured.


      34.) Next select the “Drop Down” next to “Location” and select a location to provision to.


      35.) Next click the “Storage” tab above.


      36.) Optionally you can add “EBS Storage” volumes to your “Request“. Click the “Network” tab above.


      37.) “Optionally” if you added more than one “Security Group” to your “Reservation” and “Enabled” “Network Options” in the “Blueprint” you can select a different “Security Group” for your machine. Click “Ok” when finished.


      38.) Next under the “Self-Service” menu select “My Machines” to track the status of your request.


      39.) Your newly “Requested” machine will appear under “My Machines” and the status will show “Requested“. Note: If you machine does not show up click refresh as it can take a few seconds for it to appear.


      40.) If you continue to “Refresh” the page you will see the requests updated “Status“. The next “Status” your “Request” will go to is “CloudProvisioning“.


      41.) After your request goes to “CloudProvisioning” If you login to your “AWS Console” and go to “AWS Management Console“, then “EC2“, and then “Instances” you will see your newly provisioned machine in the “Pending State


      42.) Once finished the machine state in “vCAC” will go to “MachineProvisioned“, Then “Turning On“, and finally “On




      43.) You will now see your machine “Running” in the “AWS Console“.


      44.) In “vCAC” if you “Hover” over your newly created machine you will see the “Machine Options Menu” select “Edit


      45.) On the “Machine Information” tab near the bottom you will see “Admin Password“. Here you can show the “Local Password” for your newly provisioned “Amazon AWS Instance” Click the “Storage” tab above. Note: It can take Amazon 30+ minutes to make the password available even through the AWS Console. Once it is available from Amazon, it will not be available in vCAC until vCAC performs a data collection.


      46.) On the “Storage” tab you can add “EBS” storage “post-proviosioning” if you would like. Click on the “Network” tab above.


      47.) On the “Network” tab you can assign an “Elastic IP Address” if you have made them available through “Amazon AWS“. You can also change the “Security Group” and assign the machine to a “Load Balancer” Click “Ok” when you are done. More on these option soon.


      There are a few important things to note. If you add additional services such as Elastic IP Address, Elastic Block Storage, Elastic Load Balancers, Sucurity Groups, etc through the Amazon AWS Console they will not appear as available in vCAC until after the next Inventory Data Collection. You can perform a manual data collection as well as change the data collection frequency by doing the following:

      1. Go to “Enterprise Administrator” menu and select “Compute Resources
      2. Hover over the “Compute Resource” and select “Data Collection
      3. Under the “Inventory” section you can set the “Frequency” in hours as well as manually “Request” a “Data Collection“.
      4. If you “Request” a “Data Collection” you can select “Refresh” at the bottom of the page to get the status of the collection.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Sidney Smith

Sid Smith, founder of DailyHypervisor is considered to be a cloud expert in the IT field with over 10 years experience in Virtualization, Automation, and Cloud technologies. Sid Smith started in the industry designing and implementing large scale enterprise server and desktop virtualization environments for fortune 100 and 500 companies. He later went on to become a key employee at DynamicOps the well know creators of Cloud Automation Center. In July 2012 DynamicOps was acquired by VMware who has adopted Cloud Automation Center as a center piece for it’s vCloud Suite of products. Sid has helped dozens of fortune 100 and 500 enterprises successfully adopt both private and public cloud strategies as part of their IT offerings. The result of which was large operational and capital savings for his customers. Sid continues to help large enterprise customers reach their hybrid cloud strategies at VMware. On DailyHypervisor you will find exclusive content that will help you learn how to adopt a successful cloud strategy through the use of VMware Cloud Automation Center, Open Stack, and other industry recognized cloud solutions.

@ThingsExpo Stories
Cloud computing delivers on-demand resources that provide businesses with flexibility and cost-savings. The challenge in moving workloads to the cloud has been the cost and complexity of ensuring the initial and ongoing security and regulatory (PCI, HIPAA, FFIEC) compliance across private and public clouds. Manual security compliance is slow, prone to human error, and represents over 50% of the cost of managing cloud applications. Determining how to automate cloud security compliance is critical to maintaining positive ROI. Raxak Protect is an automated security compliance SaaS platform and ma...
We all know that data growth is exploding and storage budgets are shrinking. Instead of showing you charts on about how much data there is, in his General Session at 17th Cloud Expo, Scott Cleland, Senior Director of Product Marketing at HGST, showed how to capture all of your data in one place. After you have your data under control, you can then analyze it in one place, saving time and resources.
Today air travel is a minefield of delays, hassles and customer disappointment. Airlines struggle to revitalize the experience. GE and M2Mi will demonstrate practical examples of how IoT solutions are helping airlines bring back personalization, reduce trip time and improve reliability. In their session at @ThingsExpo, Shyam Varan Nath, Principal Architect with GE, and Dr. Sarah Cooper, M2Mi’s VP Business Development and Engineering, explored the IoT cloud-based platform technologies driving this change including privacy controls, data transparency and integration of real time context with p...
The Internet of Things (IoT) is growing rapidly by extending current technologies, products and networks. By 2020, Cisco estimates there will be 50 billion connected devices. Gartner has forecast revenues of over $300 billion, just to IoT suppliers. Now is the time to figure out how you’ll make money – not just create innovative products. With hundreds of new products and companies jumping into the IoT fray every month, there’s no shortage of innovation. Despite this, McKinsey/VisionMobile data shows "less than 10 percent of IoT developers are making enough to support a reasonably sized team....
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place June 7-9, 2016 at Javits Center, New York City and Nov 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with the 18th International @CloudExpo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world and ThingsExpo New York Call for Papers is now open.
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo 2016 in New York and Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be! Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 17th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound cha...
Just over a week ago I received a long and loud sustained applause for a presentation I delivered at this year’s Cloud Expo in Santa Clara. I was extremely pleased with the turnout and had some very good conversations with many of the attendees. Over the next few days I had many more meaningful conversations and was not only happy with the results but also learned a few new things. Here is everything I learned in those three days distilled into three short points.
DevOps is about increasing efficiency, but nothing is more inefficient than building the same application twice. However, this is a routine occurrence with enterprise applications that need both a rich desktop web interface and strong mobile support. With recent technological advances from Isomorphic Software and others, rich desktop and tuned mobile experiences can now be created with a single codebase – without compromising functionality, performance or usability. In his session at DevOps Summit, Charles Kendrick, CTO and Chief Architect at Isomorphic Software, demonstrated examples of com...
As organizations realize the scope of the Internet of Things, gaining key insights from Big Data, through the use of advanced analytics, becomes crucial. However, IoT also creates the need for petabyte scale storage of data from millions of devices. A new type of Storage is required which seamlessly integrates robust data analytics with massive scale. These storage systems will act as “smart systems” provide in-place analytics that speed discovery and enable businesses to quickly derive meaningful and actionable insights. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Paul Turner, Chief Marketing Officer at...
In his keynote at @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, Director of IoT Engineering at Citrix and co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, focused on building an IoT platform and company. He provided a behind-the-scenes look at Octoblu’s platform, business, and pivots along the way (including the Citrix acquisition of Octoblu).
In his General Session at 17th Cloud Expo, Bruce Swann, Senior Product Marketing Manager for Adobe Campaign, explored the key ingredients of cross-channel marketing in a digital world. Learn how the Adobe Marketing Cloud can help marketers embrace opportunities for personalized, relevant and real-time customer engagement across offline (direct mail, point of sale, call center) and digital (email, website, SMS, mobile apps, social networks, connected objects).
The Internet of Everything is re-shaping technology trends–moving away from “request/response” architecture to an “always-on” Streaming Web where data is in constant motion and secure, reliable communication is an absolute necessity. As more and more THINGS go online, the challenges that developers will need to address will only increase exponentially. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Todd Greene, Founder & CEO of PubNub, exploreed the current state of IoT connectivity and review key trends and technology requirements that will drive the Internet of Things from hype to reality.
Two weeks ago (November 3-5), I attended the Cloud Expo Silicon Valley as a speaker, where I presented on the security and privacy due diligence requirements for cloud solutions. Cloud security is a topical issue for every CIO, CISO, and technology buyer. Decision-makers are always looking for insights on how to mitigate the security risks of implementing and using cloud solutions. Based on the presentation topics covered at the conference, as well as the general discussions heard between sessions, I wanted to share some of my observations on emerging trends. As cyber security serves as a fou...
Continuous processes around the development and deployment of applications are both impacted by -- and a benefit to -- the Internet of Things trend. To help better understand the relationship between DevOps and a plethora of new end-devices and data please welcome Gary Gruver, consultant, author and a former IT executive who has led many large-scale IT transformation projects, and John Jeremiah, Technology Evangelist at Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE), on Twitter at @j_jeremiah. The discussion is moderated by me, Dana Gardner, Principal Analyst at Interarbor Solutions.
With all the incredible momentum behind the Internet of Things (IoT) industry, it is easy to forget that not a single CEO wakes up and wonders if “my IoT is broken.” What they wonder is if they are making the right decisions to do all they can to increase revenue, decrease costs, and improve customer experience – effectively the same challenges they have always had in growing their business. The exciting thing about the IoT industry is now these decisions can be better, faster, and smarter. Now all corporate assets – people, objects, and spaces – can share information about themselves and thei...
Too often with compelling new technologies market participants become overly enamored with that attractiveness of the technology and neglect underlying business drivers. This tendency, what some call the “newest shiny object syndrome” is understandable given that virtually all of us are heavily engaged in technology. But it is also mistaken. Without concrete business cases driving its deployment, IoT, like many other technologies before it, will fade into obscurity.
The Internet of Things is clearly many things: data collection and analytics, wearables, Smart Grids and Smart Cities, the Industrial Internet, and more. Cool platforms like Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Intel's Galileo and Edison, and a diverse world of sensors are making the IoT a great toy box for developers in all these areas. In this Power Panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists discussed what things are the most important, which will have the most profound effect on the world, and what should we expect to see over the next couple of years.
Discussions of cloud computing have evolved in recent years from a focus on specific types of cloud, to a world of hybrid cloud, and to a world dominated by the APIs that make today's multi-cloud environments and hybrid clouds possible. In this Power Panel at 17th Cloud Expo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists addressed the importance of customers being able to use the specific technologies they need, through environments and ecosystems that expose their APIs to make true change and transformation possible.
The cloud. Like a comic book superhero, there seems to be no problem it can’t fix or cost it can’t slash. Yet making the transition is not always easy and production environments are still largely on premise. Taking some practical and sensible steps to reduce risk can also help provide a basis for a successful cloud transition. A plethora of surveys from the likes of IDG and Gartner show that more than 70 percent of enterprises have deployed at least one or more cloud application or workload. Yet a closer inspection at the data reveals less than half of these cloud projects involve production...
Microservices are a very exciting architectural approach that many organizations are looking to as a way to accelerate innovation. Microservices promise to allow teams to move away from monolithic "ball of mud" systems, but the reality is that, in the vast majority of organizations, different projects and technologies will continue to be developed at different speeds. How to handle the dependencies between these disparate systems with different iteration cycles? Consider the "canoncial problem" in this scenario: microservice A (releases daily) depends on a couple of additions to backend B (re...