Welcome!

Apache Authors: Liz McMillan, Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Christopher Harrold, Janakiram MSV

Blog Feed Post

Reflections on John Chambers’ UserR! 2014 Keynote Address

by Joseph Rickert John Chambers opened UseR! 2014 by describing how the R language grew out of early efforts to give statisticians easier access to high quality statistical software. In 1976 computational statistics was a very active field, but most algorithms were compiled as Fortran subroutines. Building models with this software was not a trivial process. First you had to write a main Fortran program to implement the model and call the right subroutines, and then you had to write the job control language code to submit your job and get it executed. When John and his Bell Labs colleagues sat down on that May afternoon to work on what would become the first implementation of the S language they were thinking about how they could make this process easier. The top half John’s famous diagram from that afternoon schematically indicates their intention to design a software interface so that one could call an arbitrary Fortran subroutine, ABC, by wrapping it in some simplified calling syntax: XABC( ).    The main idea was to bring the best computational facilities to the people doing the analysis. As John phrased it: “combine serious computational challenges with convenience”. In the end, the designers of both S, and its second incarnation, R, did much better than convenience. They built a tool to facilitate “flow”. When you are engaged in any mentally challenging work in (including statistical analysis) at a high level of play, you want to be able to stay in the zone and not get knocked out by peripheral tasks that interrupt your thought processes. As engaging and meaningful as it is in its own right, writing code is not doing statistics. One of the big advantages of working with R is that you can do quite a bit of statistics with just a handful of functions and the simplest syntax. R is a tool that helps you keep moving forward. If you want to see something then plot it. If the data in the wrong format, then mutate it. A second idea that flows from the idea of S as an interface is that S was not intended to be self sufficient. John was explicit that S was designed as an interface to the “best algorithms”, not as a “from the ground up programming language”. The idea of being able to make use of external computational resources is still compelling. There will always be high-quality stuff that we will want to get at. Moreover, as John elaborated: “unlike 38 years ago there are many possible interfaces to languages, to other computing models and to (specialized) hardware”. The challenge is to interface to applications that are “too diverse for one solution to fit them all”, and to do this “without loosing the R that works in ‘ordinary’ circumstances. John offered three examples of R projects that extend the reach of R to leverage other computing environments. Rcpp -  turns C++ in to an R function by generating an interface to C++ with much less programming effort than .Call RLLVM - enables compiling R language code into specialized forms for efficiency and other purposes H2O - provides a compressed, efficient external version of a data frame for running statistical models on large data sets. These examples, chosen to represent each of the three different kinds of interface targets that John called out, also represent projects of different scope and levels of integration. With a total of 226 reverse depends and reverse imports,  Rcpp is already a great success. It is likely that ready access to C++ will form a permanent part of the R programmers mindset. RLLVM is a much more radical and ambitious project that would allow R to be the window to entirely different computing models. As best I understand it, the central idea is to use the R environment as the system interface to “any number of new languages” perhaps languages that have not yet been invented. RLLVM would “Use R syntax for commands to be interpreted in a different interpreter”.  RLLVM seems to be a powerful idea and a direct generalization of the original XABC() idea. The RH2O package is an example of providing R users with transparent access to data sets that are too large to fit into memory. It is one of many efforts underway (including those from Revolution Analytics) to integrate Hadoop, Teradata, Spark and other specialized computing platforms within the R environment. Some of these specialized platforms may indeed be longed lived, but it is not likely that all of them will. From the point of view of doing statistics, it is the R interface that is likely to survive and persist, platforms will come and go. An implication of the willingness of R developers to embrace diversity is that R is likely to always be a work in progress. There will be loose ends, annoying inconsistencies and unimplemented possibilities. I suppose that there are people who will never be comfortable with this state of affairs. It is not unreasonable to prefer a system where there is one best way to do something and where, within the bounds of some pre-established design, there is near perfect consistency. However, the pursuit of uniformity and consistency seems to me to doom designers to be at least one step behind, because it means continually starting over to get things right. So what does this say about the future of R? John closed his talk by stating that “the best future would be one of variety, not uniformity”. I take this to mean that, for the near future anyway, whatever the next big thing is, it is likely that someone will write an R package to talk to it.  Some links regarding S and R History: John Chambers useR! 2006 slides Trevor Hastie's Interview with John Chambers Ross Ihaka: R: Past and Future History New York Times Article

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By David Smith

David Smith is Vice President of Marketing and Community at Revolution Analytics. He has a long history with the R and statistics communities. After graduating with a degree in Statistics from the University of Adelaide, South Australia, he spent four years researching statistical methodology at Lancaster University in the United Kingdom, where he also developed a number of packages for the S-PLUS statistical modeling environment. He continued his association with S-PLUS at Insightful (now TIBCO Spotfire) overseeing the product management of S-PLUS and other statistical and data mining products.<

David smith is the co-author (with Bill Venables) of the popular tutorial manual, An Introduction to R, and one of the originating developers of the ESS: Emacs Speaks Statistics project. Today, he leads marketing for REvolution R, supports R communities worldwide, and is responsible for the Revolutions blog. Prior to joining Revolution Analytics, he served as vice president of product management at Zynchros, Inc. Follow him on twitter at @RevoDavid

@ThingsExpo Stories
Your homes and cars can be automated and self-serviced. Why can't your storage? From simply asking questions to analyze and troubleshoot your infrastructure, to provisioning storage with snapshots, recovery and replication, your wildest sci-fi dream has come true. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 20th Cloud Expo, Dan Florea, Director of Product Management at Tintri, will provide a ChatOps demo where you can talk to your storage and manage it from anywhere, through Slack and similar services ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that CA Technologies has been named “Platinum Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. CA Technologies helps customers succeed in a future where every business – from apparel to energy – is being rewritten by software. From ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloudistics, an on-premises cloud computing company, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Cloudistics delivers a complete public cloud experience with composable on-premises infrastructures to medium and large enterprises. Its software-defined technology natively converges network, storage, compute, virtualization, and management into a ...
Keeping pace with advancements in software delivery processes and tooling is taxing even for the most proficient organizations. Point tools, platforms, open source and the increasing adoption of private and public cloud services requires strong engineering rigor - all in the face of developer demands to use the tools of choice. As Agile has settled in as a mainstream practice, now DevOps has emerged as the next wave to improve software delivery speed and output. To make DevOps work, organization...
My team embarked on building a data lake for our sales and marketing data to better understand customer journeys. This required building a hybrid data pipeline to connect our cloud CRM with the new Hadoop Data Lake. One challenge is that IT was not in a position to provide support until we proved value and marketing did not have the experience, so we embarked on the journey ourselves within the product marketing team for our line of business within Progress. In his session at @BigDataExpo, Sum...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ocean9will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Ocean9 provides cloud services for Backup, Disaster Recovery (DRaaS) and instant Innovation, and redefines enterprise infrastructure with its cloud native subscription offerings for mission critical SAP workloads.
DevOps is often described as a combination of technology and culture. Without both, DevOps isn't complete. However, applying the culture to outdated technology is a recipe for disaster; as response times grow and connections between teams are delayed by technology, the culture will die. A Nutanix Enterprise Cloud has many benefits that provide the needed base for a true DevOps paradigm.
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo, June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY and October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.
SYS-CON Events announced today that T-Mobile will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. As America's Un-carrier, T-Mobile US, Inc., is redefining the way consumers and businesses buy wireless services through leading product and service innovation. The Company's advanced nationwide 4G LTE network delivers outstanding wireless experiences to 67.4 million customers who are unwilling to compromise on ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftLayer, an IBM Company, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. SoftLayer, an IBM Company, provides cloud infrastructure as a service from a growing number of data centers and network points of presence around the world. SoftLayer’s customers range from Web startups to global enterprises.
SYS-CON Events announced today that CrowdReviews.com has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6–8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. CrowdReviews.com is a transparent online platform for determining which products and services are the best based on the opinion of the crowd. The crowd consists of Internet users that have experienced products and services first-hand and have an interest in letting other potential buyers...
The taxi industry never saw Uber coming. Startups are a threat to incumbents like never before, and a major enabler for startups is that they are instantly “cloud ready.” If innovation moves at the pace of IT, then your company is in trouble. Why? Because your data center will not keep up with frenetic pace AWS, Microsoft and Google are rolling out new capabilities In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Don Browning, VP of Cloud Architecture at Turner, will posit that disruption is inevitable for c...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Infranics will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Since 2000, Infranics has developed SysMaster Suite, which is required for the stable and efficient management of ICT infrastructure. The ICT management solution developed and provided by Infranics continues to add intelligence to the ICT infrastructure through the IMC (Infra Management Cycle) based on mathemat...
SYS-CON Events announced today that SD Times | BZ Media has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6–8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. BZ Media LLC is a high-tech media company that produces technical conferences and expositions, and publishes a magazine, newsletters and websites in the software development, SharePoint, mobile development and commercial UAV markets.
Now that the world has connected “things,” we need to build these devices as truly intelligent in order to create instantaneous and precise results. This means you have to do as much of the processing at the point of entry as you can: at the edge. The killer use cases for IoT are becoming manifest through AI engines on edge devices. An autonomous car has this dual edge/cloud analytics model, producing precise, real-time results. In his session at @ThingsExpo, John Crupi, Vice President and Eng...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Telecom Reseller has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6–8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Telecom Reseller reports on Unified Communications, UCaaS, BPaaS for enterprise and SMBs. They report extensively on both customer premises based solutions such as IP-PBX as well as cloud based and hosted platforms.
The buzz continues for cloud, data analytics and the Internet of Things (IoT) and their collective impact across all industries. But a new conversation is emerging - how do companies use industry disruption and technology enablers to lead in markets undergoing change, uncertainty and ambiguity? Organizations of all sizes need to evolve and transform, often under massive pressure, as industry lines blur and merge and traditional business models are assaulted and turned upside down. In this new da...
In his General Session at 16th Cloud Expo, David Shacochis, host of The Hybrid IT Files podcast and Vice President at CenturyLink, investigated three key trends of the “gigabit economy" though the story of a Fortune 500 communications company in transformation. Narrating how multi-modal hybrid IT, service automation, and agile delivery all intersect, he will cover the role of storytelling and empathy in achieving strategic alignment between the enterprise and its information technology.
Web Real-Time Communication APIs have quickly revolutionized what browsers are capable of. In addition to video and audio streams, we can now bi-directionally send arbitrary data over WebRTC's PeerConnection Data Channels. With the advent of Progressive Web Apps and new hardware APIs such as WebBluetooh and WebUSB, we can finally enable users to stitch together the Internet of Things directly from their browsers while communicating privately and securely in a decentralized way.
SYS-CON Events announced today that MobiDev, a client-oriented software development company, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MobiDev is a software company that develops and delivers turn-key mobile apps, websites, web services, and complex softw...